慶應大学経済学部 傾向対策解答解説 2020問題2

慶應大学経済学部 傾向対策解答解説 2020問題2

慶應大学経済学部 傾向対策解答解説 2020問題2

慶應大学経済学部 傾向対策解答解説 2020問題2



【大学】

慶應義塾大学(けいおうぎじゅくだいがく)

【学部】

:経済学部(けいざいがくぶ)

【通称】

:慶応大学経済学部(けいおうだいがくけいざいがくぶ)

【試験日程】

:02月13日

【試験会場】


三田(みた)キャンパス 東京都港区三田 2-15-45
日吉(ひよし)キャンパス 神奈川県横浜市港北区日吉 4-1-1


【学部定員】


経済学部全体:1200名
一般選抜 経済学部A方式:420名
一般選抜 経済学部B方式:210名
一般選抜 経済学部 合計:420+210=630名
一般選抜 入学者割合:630÷1200×100=52.5%


【検定料金】

:35000円

【志願者数】


一般選抜 経済学部A方式:4193名(2019年)
一般選抜 経済学部B方式:1956名(2019年)
一般選抜 経済学部 合計:4193+1956=6149名(2019年)
一般選抜 経済学部 倍率:6149÷1200=5.12倍(2019年)


【検定収入】

:35000円×6149名=2億1521万5千円

【試験配点】


一般選抜 経済学部A方式:英語200点/三科目420点(2019年)
一般選抜 経済学部B方式:英語200点/三科目420点(2019年)


【試験時間】

:100分

【必要単語】

:6000+語

【問題形式】

:発音・アクセント+適語補充+文章理解+英作文(和文英訳)

【解答形式】

:記号選択(マークシート)+記述

【出題分野】

:法学+経済学+経営学+社会学+マーケティング




【大問】

2020年 大問2

【形式】

:適語補充+内容理解+アクセント

【表題】

:芸術活動への政府支援は必須 The Arts Why State Funding is Critical

【作者】

:スー・ポルタジグ Sue Portagig

【対策】

:説明文。長文を読み進めながら適語補充し、まとめて内容理解が問われます。最後にまとめて英単語のアクセントが問われます。文章内容は、政府による芸術活動への財政支援に対して、賛成の立場を表明しています。民間の財政支援に全面的に依存することについては消極的で、政府による公共性の強い財政支援を理想としています。

慶應義塾大学経済学部の英語では、例年、意見の異なる文章が出題されます。前出の文章では、政府による財政支援に対して、反対の立場を表明しています。合わせて文章を読むことで、受験生が意見を批判的に読解できるかを、試しています。

【用語】

:包摂性 公共性 継続性

【目安時間】

:25分/100分





【プロ家庭教師 慶應義塾大学経済学 対策講座】


慶應義塾大学(慶応大学)経済学への合格対策カリキュラムを、プロ家庭教師に指導依頼できます。



スポンサーさん

慶応経済2020問題2



【大問2 読解問題】


Read the following article and answer the questions as indicated.


Paragraph1 Long-established government organizations fund the arts in many nations, for example, the Arts Council England and the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) in the US. Both support not only a variety of arts including painting, sculpture, music, dance, and folk arts, but also cultural institutions such as libraries, theaters, and museums. In addition, these organizations fund an array of programs to encourage people to enjoy the arts and cultural events. This support is critical, especially during economic recessions. [ 10 ] withdrawing state money, we need to protect and even increase government funding for the arts.

Paragraph2 To begin with, art and culture enrich public life. As Sandy Nairne, a former director of the National Portrait Gallery in London said, "Culture and art are a necessity for people both as individuals and as part of communities. Whether enjoying a visit to a museum or art gallery, singing in a choir, listening to extraordinary musicians, reading poetry, or sharing in the excitement of street performance, this is a part of what makes life worthwhile." Furthermore, in an age of migration and social change, the arts serve an important role in bringing people together, helping to give citizens common experiences, and finding ways to accommodate their differences. [ 11 ]

Paragraph3 Art and culture represent the heritage in which a people's history and identity are firmly rooted. This heritage is preserved in the various cultural institutions of a nation. According to novelist Michael Rosen, "The wonder of libraries, museums, and archives is that we can relate ourselves with others - often stretching back hundreds or thousands of years. This is one of the ways in which we can discover the history and shape of humanity and where or how we fit into it." [ 12 ]. It is, therefore, our duty to preserve, support, and encourage them.

Paragraph4 Nevertheless, some fields of art cannot sustain themselves independently and require constant governmental funding to continue. In contrast to [ 13 ] successful grand theaters in big cities such as London and New York, local theaters in smaller cities and towns usually lack stability because ticket sales are necessarily limited. Also, since museums and libraries are non-profit cultural organizations, it is difficult for them to maintain their facilities and offer a high quality of services without support from government grants. Moreover, such funding is required for artistic innovation because it enables artists to take risks and experiment for the sake of art itself.

Paragraph5 Some may argue that, wherever possible, private donations can and should replace government grants. Whereas in the US, private support for art and culture is relatively secure, donations to the arts cannot be taken for granted in many other countries. Today, when extremely wealthy individuals and corporations are dominating the global economy, more can clearly be asked of them. However, charitable giving by the private sector will only go so far. It would be unwise to make our arts overly [ 14 ] dependent on the political or economic demands of private enterprise. During times of economic difficulty, private funding would constantly be at risk.

Paragraph6 By contrast, stable government funding enables as many people as possible to enjoy art and culture. A government grant ensures everyone's affordable access to art and culture, and thus makes them an integral part of daily life. It allows [ 15 ]. Moreover, gallery tours and cultural programs bring the arts to the poor and to children, not only to well-to-do adults. Through these programs, people can gain an understanding of the importance of art and the need to protect cultural heritage for future generations.

Paragraph7 Government funding of the arts and cultural activities brings economic benefits by attracting tourists. This, in turn, can promote the redevelopment of suburbs and encourage tourism-related services to grow. In the 1980s, politicians in the UK recognized art and culture as valuable resources that could play a part in the renewal of post-industrial cities in the country. At that time, a British politician Chris Smith took up the idea of the arts as one of the "creative industries." Subsequently, an art policy was developed to widen public access to art and culture and to help drive urban rebirth and fight social exclusion. This change has been important. [ 16 ], the Arts Council of England estimates that the nation benefits by over 4 dollars for every 1 dollar of investment in art funding.

Paragraph8 The arts are vital for a better quality of life; the Arts Council England makes this point clearly on their website, declaring that "great art and culture inspires us, brings us together and teaches us about ourselves and the world around us." [ 17 ] individuals might contribute, providing art for citizens is always the responsibility of government. That is why continued state support of the arts is critical and must be ensured.



Title:The Arts: Why State Funding is Critical
Author:Sue Portagig
Website:ー
Date:2018
URL:ー
Reading:




大問2 設問10: Which of the following would best fill the gap at [ 10 ] in Paragraph1? Answer by filling in the corresponding slot under the number (10) on the mark sheet.

1 Above all,
2 Except for
3 Far from
4 In addition to


大問2 設問11: Which of the following types of art is NOT discussed in Paragraph2? Fill in the blank at the number (11) on the mark sheet.

1 concerts
2 exhibitions
3 films
4 literature


大問2 設問12: Which of the following would best fill the gap at [ 12 ] in Paragraph3? Answer by filling in the corresponding slot under the number (12) on the mark sheet.

1 Clearly, many writers are busy creating content for our heritage
2 Indeed, museums are at the very heart of this heritage-related industry
3 Obviously, heritage is firmly connected to a sense of national pride
4 Ultimately, a sense of nationalism is essential for most modern nations


大問2 設問13: Which of the following would best fill the gap at [ 13 ] in Paragraph4? Answer by filling in the corresponding slot under the number (13) on the mark sheet.

1 artistically
2 commercially
3 culturally
4 large-scale


大問2 設問14: Which of the following best explains why the author wrote the word in bold at [ 14 ] in Paragraph5? Answer by filling in the corresponding slot under the number (14) on the mark sheet.

1 to emphasize a contrast
2 to emphasize degree
3 to emphasize surprise
4 to emphasize a change


大問2 設問15: Which of the following would best fill the gap at [ 15 ] in Paragraph6? Answer by filling in the corresponding slot under the number (15) on the mark sheet.

1 all citizens to find common ground despite income inequalities
2 governments to resolve income inequality through arts funding.
3 minorities to feel unwelcome through funding their arts
4 only wealthier citizens to appreciate art


大問2 設問16: Which of the following would best fill the gap at [ 16 ] in Paragraph7? Answer by filling in the corresponding slot under the number (16) on the mark sheet.

1 By contrast
2 Moreover
3 Nevertheless
4 Today


大問2 設問17: Which of the following would best fill the gap at [ 17 ] in Paragraph8? Answer by filling in the corresponding slot under the number (17) on the mark sheet.

1 As far as
2 However much
3 So much as
4 To the extent that


大問2 設問18から設問20: Look at the statements below. Then, based on BOTH articles, under the corresponding number (18), (19), and (20), fill in:

Slot 1, if only Y. Bothur would agree with that statement
Slot 2, if only Sue Portagig would agree with that statement
Slot 3, if both authors would agree with that statement
Slot 4, if neither author would agree with that statement

設問18 Charitable giving can be sufficient to support the arts.
設問19 Politicians have already influenced the direction of the arts.
設問20 Art must make a profit in order to be valuable.



大問2 設問21: In which of the following pairs do both words have the same stress pattern? Answer by filling in the corresponding slot under the number (21) on the mark sheet.

1 creative - creativity
2 declaration - declaring
3 economic - economy
4 exclusive - exclusion
5 subsidy - subsidiary


大問2 設問22: Which one of the following pairs (1~5) contains a noun which is pronounced differently from the verb? Answer by filling in the corresponding slot under the number (22) on the mark sheet.

1 a benefit (n) – to benefit (vb)
2 a picture (n) - to picture (vb)
3 a promise (n) – to promise (vb)
4 an abuse (n) – to abuse (vb)
5 an interest (n) – to interest (vb)


大問2 設問23: Five of the following six pairs contain words that are pronounced identically. Which of the pairs contains words that are pronounced differently? Answer by filling in the corresponding slot under the number (23) on the mark sheet.

1 berry - bury
2 freight - fright
3 isle - aisle
4 sewing – sowing
5 some - sum
6 thrown - throne


慶応経済2020問題2解答




【大問2 読解問題 解答】


大問2 設問10解答: 
大問2 設問11解答: 
大問2 設問12解答: 
大問2 設問13解答: 
大問2 設問14解答: 
大問2 設問15解答: 
大問2 設問16解答: 
大問2 設問17解答: 
大問2 設問18解答: 
大問2 設問19解答: 
大問2 設問20解答: 
大問2 設問21解答: 
大問2 設問22解答: 
大問2 設問23解答: 


慶応経済2020問題2解説




【大問2 読解問題 解説】


説明文。長文を読み進めながら適語補充し、まとめて内容理解が問われます。最後にまとめて英単語のアクセントが問われます。

文章内容は、政府による芸術活動への財政支援に対して、賛成の立場を表明しています。民間の財政支援に全面的に依存することについては消極的で、政府による公共性の強い財政支援を理想としています。

慶應義塾大学経済学部の英語では、例年、意見の異なる文章が出題されます。前出の文章では、政府による財政支援に対して、反対の立場を表明しています。合わせて文章を読むことで、受験生が意見を批判的に読解できるかを、試しています。

Title:The Arts: Why State Funding is Critical
Author:Sue Portagig
Website:ー
Date:2018
URL:ー
Reading:



大問2 設問設問18解説: 1(if only Y. Bothur would agree with that statement)

Charitable giving can be sufficient to support the arts.

Y. BothurもSue Portagigも、両者ともに、文化芸術に財政支援すべきという点では、一致しています。

Y. Bothurは、寄付は十分である可能性があると、言っています。Sue Portagigは、まだまだ足りないと、言っています。


大問2 設問設問19解説: 3(if both authors would agree with that statement)

Politicians have already influenced the direction of the arts.

Y. BothurもSue Portagigも、両者ともに、政治家は文化芸術に(資金配分を通じて)影響を与えると、言っています。


大問2 設問設問20解説: 4(if neither author would agree with that statement)

Art must make a profit in order to be valuable.

Y. BothurもSue Portagigも、両者ともに、文化芸術で利益が出せるようにすべきとは、言っていません。


大問2 設問21解説: 
英単語IPA発音記号
creativekri(ː)ˈeɪtɪv
creativityˌkriːeɪˈtɪvɪti
declarationˌdɛkləˈreɪʃən
declaringdɪˈkleərɪŋ
economicˌiːkəˈnɒmɪk
economyi(ː)ˈkɒnəmi
exclusiveɪksˈkluːsɪv
exclusionɪksˈkluːʒən
subsidyˈsʌbsɪdi
subsidiarysəbˈsɪdiəri



大問2 設問22解説: 
英単語IPA発音記号
a benefitə ˈbɛnɪfɪt
to benefittuː ˈbɛnɪfɪt
a pictureə ˈpɪkʧə
to picturetuː ˈpɪkʧə
a promiseə ˈprɒmɪs
to promisetuː ˈprɒmɪs
an abuseən əˈbjuːs
to abusetuː əˈbjuːz
an interestən ˈɪntrɪst
to interesttuː ˈɪntrɪst


名詞abuseはアビュースと発音し、動詞abuseはアビューズと発音します。

名詞では発音が濁らず、動詞では発音が濁ります。

類例として、useがあります。

名詞useはユースと発音し、動詞useはユーズと発音します。



大問2 設問23解説: 
英単語IPA発音記号
berryˈbɛri
buryˈbɛri
freightfreɪt
frightfraɪt
isleaɪl
aisleaɪl
sewingˈsəʊɪŋ
sowingˈsəʊɪŋ
somesʌm
sumsʌm
thrownθrəʊn
throneθrəʊn



【大問2 読解問題 英語表現】





慶応経済2020問題2完成文




【大問2 読解問題 完成文】


Read the following article and answer the questions as indicated.


Paragraph1 Long-established government organizations fund the arts in many nations, for example, the Arts Council England and the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) in the US. Both support not only a variety of arts including painting, sculpture, music, dance, and folk arts, but also cultural institutions such as libraries, theaters, and museums. In addition, these organizations fund an array of programs to encourage people to enjoy the arts and cultural events. This support is critical, especially during economic recessions. Far from withdrawing state money, we need to protect and even increase government funding for the arts.

Paragraph2 To begin with, art and culture enrich public life. As Sandy Nairne, a former director of the National Portrait Gallery in London said, "Culture and art are a necessity for people both as individuals and as part of communities. Whether enjoying a visit to a museum or art gallery, singing in a choir, listening to extraordinary musicians, reading poetry, or sharing in the excitement of street performance, this is a part of what makes life worthwhile." Furthermore, in an age of migration and social change, the arts serve an important role in bringing people together, helping to give citizens common experiences, and finding ways to accommodate their differences.

Paragraph3 Art and culture represent the heritage in which a people's history and identity are firmly rooted. This heritage is preserved in the various cultural institutions of a nation. According to novelist Michael Rosen, "The wonder of libraries, museums, and archives is that we can relate ourselves with others - often stretching back hundreds or thousands of years. This is one of the ways in which we can discover the history and shape of humanity and where or how we fit into it." Indeed, museums are at the very heart of this heritage-related industry. It is, therefore, our duty to preserve, support, and encourage them.

Paragraph4 Nevertheless, some fields of art cannot sustain themselves independently and require constant governmental funding to continue. In contrast to commercially successful grand theaters in big cities such as London and New York, local theaters in smaller cities and towns usually lack stability because ticket sales are necessarily limited. Also, since museums and libraries are non-profit cultural organizations, it is difficult for them to maintain their facilities and offer a high quality of services without support from government grants. Moreover, such funding is required for artistic innovation because it enables artists to take risks and experiment for the sake of art itself.

Paragraph5 Some may argue that, wherever possible, private donations can and should replace government grants. Whereas in the US, private support for art and culture is relatively secure, donations to the arts cannot be taken for granted in many other countries. Today, when extremely wealthy individuals and corporations are dominating the global economy, more can clearly be asked of them. However, charitable giving by the private sector will only go so far. It would be unwise to make our arts overly dependent on the political or economic demands of private enterprise. During times of economic difficulty, private funding would constantly be at risk.

Paragraph6 By contrast, stable government funding enables as many people as possible to enjoy art and culture. A government grant ensures everyone's affordable access to art and culture, and thus makes them an integral part of daily life. It allows all citizens to find common ground despite income inequalities. Moreover, gallery tours and cultural programs bring the arts to the poor and to children, not only to well-to-do adults. Through these programs, people can gain an understanding of the importance of art and the need to protect cultural heritage for future generations.

Paragraph7 Government funding of the arts and cultural activities brings economic benefits by attracting tourists. This, in turn, can promote the redevelopment of suburbs and encourage tourism-related services to grow. In the 1980s, politicians in the UK recognized art and culture as valuable resources that could play a part in the renewal of post-industrial cities in the country. At that time, a British politician Chris Smith took up the idea of the arts as one of the "creative industries." Subsequently, an art policy was developed to widen public access to art and culture and to help drive urban rebirth and fight social exclusion. This change has been important. Today, the Arts Council of England estimates that the nation benefits by over 4 dollars for every 1 dollar of investment in art funding.

Paragraph8 The arts are vital for a better quality of life; the Arts Council England makes this point clearly on their website, declaring that "great art and culture inspires us, brings us together and teaches us about ourselves and the world around us." However much individuals might contribute, providing art for citizens is always the responsibility of government. That is why continued state support of the arts is critical and must be ensured.


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スポンサーさん